Professor Betty Hart and Dr Todd Risley
Examining the influence of the home environment, this research asks what difference home-life makes in a child's ability to communicate, suggesting that home life and parental influence have a profound effect on young children’s development and vocabulary.
The research found that 86% to 98% of the words used by children by the age of three are derived from their parents' vocabularies and, possibly as a result, children's vocabularies differed greatly across income groups.
These findings, regarded as highly significant, suggested that the foundation laid at age three had a great bearing on children’s progress for many years to come. This gave weight to much early intervention policy in recent years.
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