A beginner’s guide to Daisy Christodoulou
University Challenge fans may remember Daisy Christodoulou: she was described as "Britain's brightest student" after her outstanding performance on the 2006-07 series, where she captained the University of Warwick's team (you can catch the final on YouTube here).
Fast forward a decade and the student is now a teacher. Christodoulou initially became well known for her first book Seven Myths about Education. She has since written a second.
Here's our guide to her work ...
Where does she work?
Christodoulou is currently director of education at No More Marking (NMM), an online resource founded by Dr Chris Wheadon, which helps teachers undertake
Growing up in London, Christodoulou opted to study English at the University of Warwick, before training as a teacher through Teach First. It was her time in the classroom that developed her interest in evidence-based practice and, after taking some time out to study for an MA in literature, she noticed that much of what was assumed in schools was not backed up by research.
In 2013, she published Seven Myths About Education, a blistering critique of some of the most common preconceptions in UK education. Her second book, Making Good Progress? The future of Assessment for Learning hit the shelves in February 2017.
Best known for:
Christodoulou took no prisoners with her first book, challenging seven misconceptions that are rife in teacher training and classroom practice. She identifies these as:
- Facts prevent understanding.
- Teacher-led instruction is passive.
- The 21st century fundamentally changes everything.
- You can always just look facts up.
- Schools should teach transferable skills.
- Projects and activities are the best way to learn.
- Teaching knowledge is indoctrination.
The main thrust of Christodoulou's argument is that 21st-century learning dismisses the important role of knowledge in favour of teaching skills. She believes you need to have a robust knowledge base committed to long-term memory before you can learn how to use skills effectively.
Christodoulou's second book builds on the first - seeking to create an assessment system that supports her ideas. In this blog post she provides a succinct summary of the research and ideas behind it.
What she says:
"…Too often the idea of 21st-century skills is just a code word for an attack on knowledge and memory. This is ironic because the message of late 20th-century and 21st-century science is that knowledge and memory are unbelievably important."
"We've created a false dichotomy," she says. "Skill is bound up with knowledge. Skills are domain-specific. You can't play chess unless you've learned the moves. I absolutely agree that the end of education is skilled, creative, critical individuals who can sift evidence. It's a question of how we get there."
"Of course people make new discoveries all the time, but a lot of those new discoveries don't disprove or supersede the old ones – in fact, they're more likely to build on the old discoveries and require intimate knowledge of them."
"...in order to use reference works such as dictionaries, thesauri and encyclopedias, you already need to know quite a lot about the thing you are looking up."
What others say:
E. D. Hirsch Jr called Seven Myths About Education a "must-read for anyone in a position to influence our low-performing public school system". The book also gained praise from Michael Gove while he was education secretary, and BBC Radio 4 profiled Christodoulou in its series The Educators. Writing in the Guardian, Peter Wilby also praised Daisy for her focus on pedagogy and her evidence-based approach.
Why you should consider reading more:
Christodoulou has received praise from all corners for her concise, accessible writing style.
Her latest book focuses on formative assessment, combining rigorous academic research and discussion alongside practical tips for teachers of all levels. Helpful indeed in the brave new world of life without levels.
Some of Christodoulou's speeches and debates:
- November 2015, 'Sir Ken is right: Traditional education kills creativity' (Arguing against)
- June 2016, Wellington Festival of Education, 'Why did Assessment for Learning Fail?'
- March 2017, Global Schools and Education Forum 'This house believes 21st century learners need their heads filled with pure facts' (Arguing for).
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